Khiarallah Advocates & Legal Consultants
UAE Law & Legal Articles Blog

Telecommunications Regulatory Authority

Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (TRA) of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has been established according to the UAE Federal Law by Decree No. 3 of 2003 “Telecom Law”.

TRA is responsible for the management of every aspect of the telecommunications and information technology industries in the UAE.

TRA signed partnership agreement with Etisalat and Du. The agreement is part of the TRA’s plan of action aimed at achieving the objectives of the UAE National Vision 2021, to raise the country’s ranking among the top 10 countries in the “National Readiness Index” (NRI) in the World Information Technology Report.

TRA regulates country’s Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) policy and grants licensed operators the eligibility to provide services across their networks.

Use of calling services provided by Viber, Snapchat, Facebook WhatsApp, Skype is monitored by TRA. Unauthorized usage has legal consequences.

Marriage dissolution and spouses’ separation in Indian Christian law & Authenticity of husband’s request to drop wife’s custody of their son due to his departure to India.


One of the cases in which the Indian Christian law approves the dissolution of marriage and separation of spouses is when one of them treats the other cruelly in a way that makes life dangerous and harmful for the spouse who is filing for divorce. Hence, the victim can file for divorce for any marriage that was made either before or after the promulgation of the amended Indian Divorce Law in 2001.

Dubai Appeal Court established this principle disclosing in the verdict’s logs that it had been affirmed from the presented documents that the wife filed the lawsuit against her husband to dissolute the marriage, separate the spouses, and award her sole custody of their son among other requests. Dubai First Instance Court delivered a verdict to dissolute the marriage and award the mother the sole custody of the son.

The husband did not accept the judgement of Dubai Court of First Instance and appealed against it, but the Dubai Court of Appeal was content with wife’s defense presented by her legal attorney, Khairallah Advocates & Legal Consultants. The husband claimed that wife was unfaithful to him and had affairs with other men. Through our defense we proved that the appealing husband beat the wife and allegations made were untrue. Dubai Court of Appeal accepted the defense and adopted the verdict of Dubai First Instance Court to dissolute the marriage and separate the spouses.

The Dubai Appeal Court also decided to confirm the judgment of Dubai First Instance Court to award the mother the sole custody of her son. The Appeal Court took into consideration the mother’s defense that there is no legality to the father’s request to drop the mother’s custody due to his intent of departing to India.

The court approved the custody judgement in line with the facts of the defense case and in accordance with the Personal Status Law in UAE, the exercised discretion, and Article 41 of Section 11 in the Indian Christian Law for children’s custody.

It was confirmed to the court that the wife is working in the UAE and that her son resides with her and is still studying in the one of the country’s schools. The husband’s departure to India and his confirmation that he is still looking for a job make the son’s custodial rights in favor of the wife.

Extending Mother’s Custody Of Her Children Until Son’s Puberty And Daughter’s Marriage

The Court of Appeal in Dubai has ratified a first instance rule to extend the mother’s custody in spite of the son reaching the age of 11 years old and the daughter 13 years old as per the rules of Article 156 of Personal Status Law issued under Federal Law 28 in 2005.

Here are the proceedings in brief … the custodial father filed a lawsuit to drop the mother’s custody of their children H and D since they were of the legal age.

As legal representatives of the mother, we filed a counter claim, requesting the extension of the mother’s custodial ages of H until his puberty and D until her marriage. This counter claim was based on the fact that residing with the mother is in the children’s best interest since she raised them and always looked after them, whereas their father abstained from looking after them, hurt them, and refused to renew their residencies.

The lawsuit was filed as a first instance rule and the court ruled to reject the father’s original custody lawsuit and approve the mother’s counter claim to extend the custodial age of her son H until his puberty and her daughter D until her marriage. The legislator provided the court with limited discretion to extend the custody ages of the children provided that it is in the their best interests as the custody, present or absent, has to be about the presence of benefits for the children and the absence of harms for them. The custody should be where the benefit takes place because the children’s rights in care and protection are preferred to the parents’. Therefore, the best interests of H and D were to keep them in their mother’s custody and extend its period as per the presented evidence.

The prosecuting party (the father) did not accept the verdict and filed for an appeal to annul the verdict and rule again to reject the counter claim.

The lawsuit was filed in Dubai Appeal Court and our defense undertook to refute all the appeal objections. The Dubai Court of Appeal ruled the following: accept the appeal in form and refuse it in merits. The Court of Appeal also ruled in favor of the verdict of First Instance Court in Dubai. The Court of Appeal, as the concerned court of the subject, sifted through the situation of the father and mother one more time and studied where the children’s best interests lie. The court found out that the mother is the one who had been taking care of the children, educating them, and looking after their affairs, whereas the father had not visited his children for a year and a half. The father did not even look after his children financially until the mother had a court order for that according to the mother’s witnesses and presented documents. Moreover, the report from Child Protection Center in Community Development Authority in Dubai stated that the children abstained from seeing their father and did not want to do so. Based on all of the abovementioned, the court ruled in favor of extending the period of the mother’s custody of her children.

Dubai Cassation Court rules in favor of defense

The Court of Cassation in Dubai has adopted our vision and ruled in favor of our defense, hence setting a new judicial concept that says:

“The registration removal request in the initial cadaster is an effect of annulment judiciary, hence the request of registration removal or conflict over the nullity of cadaster registration are not matters of general law and can go to arbitration.”

An investor, “the buyer”, filed a lawsuit in Dubai Courts for the annulment of a selling contract of a real estate property, sold on the map, as well as the removal of the fixed registration in the initial cadaster at Dubai Land Department. As the contract was the subject of the lawsuit, it involved arbitration as a way of the resolution of resulting conflicts.

We held on to our defense that Dubai Courts judiciary is not concerned in overseeing the lawsuit due to the arbitration condition. Consequently, Dubai Cassation Court ruled decisively, supporting our defense and vision, that “the registration removal request in the initial cadaster is an effect of annulment judiciary and is not a matter of general law, therefore can go to arbitration.”

Real Estate Legal Services in UAE

At Khairallah Advocates & Legal Consultants our attorneys have unparalleled expertise in the real estate with extensive experience advising on every aspect of real estate law from acquisition of land and procurement of real estate financing to successful recovery of high-value property investments through carrying out negotiations to resolve the dispute amicably by reaching settlement or through formal legal proceedings.

Real estate legal service in UAE

Benefits of Dual Citizenship (Citizenship by Investment)

A dual citizenship and passport is a powerful tool for international tax planning and provides you with privacy, travel freedom and very importantly, could be a life saver in times of political unrest.

Dual citizenship and residency programmes are most sought by wealthy retirees, business investors, entrepreneurs and self-employed individuals. With many countries in Europe and North America widely accepting a dual nationality (USA, Canada, UK, Switzerland), would now be the time to start insuring in your future?

Dual Citizenship UAE

Becoming a Dual National has the following benefits:

1. Visa-free Travel

Visa-free travel to the world (EU, UK, Canada) and instant travel to over 130 countries just became a lot simpler with a dual citizenship. With more countries being added to the list regularly you can literally say goodbye to lengthy visa documents.

2. Security

Start insuring your family against unforeseeable circumstances and achieve political security by obtaining a secondary passport. Establish businesses, open bank accounts and expand your personal family investments worldwide.

3. Financial

With a dual nationality, you can benefit from a generous tax regime with no Wealth, Gift, Inheritance, Foreign Income or Capital Gains Tax. Take advantage of no Personal Income tax and no restriction on the repatriation of profits and imported capital.

Require more information? Send us an email.

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